Here is a take a look at Chechnya, a republic in southwestern Russia within the Caucasus Mountains area. Chechnya borders Russia, the nation of Georgia, and the Russian republics of Dagestan and Ingushetia.
Inhabitants: 1,506,700 (est. July 2021)
President: Ramzan Kadyrov (2007-present)
1991 – Chechnya begins to battle for independence from the Soviet Union.
1994 – The Russian Federation sends 35,000-40,000 troops to Chechnya to cease the rise up.
February 1995 – Grozny falls to Russian forces.
Might 27, 1996 A ceasefire is said, however the combating continues. Chechen rebels seize key authorities websites.
August 31, 1996 – A peace settlement was signed and the Russian troops quickly withdrew. Two years of combating left 120,000 Chechens and three,000 Russian troopers lifeless.
August 1999 – Islamist rebels launch incursions into neighboring Dagestan. Russian forces responded by transferring into Chechnya in September.
September 1999 – Residence buildings in Moscow, Buynaksk and Volgodonsk are bombed, ensuing within the demise of almost 300 folks.
February 2000 – Russian forces take management of Grozny, and the battle begins to finish.
July 2000 – Militants launch 5 suicide assaults in opposition to Russian safety bases. The deadliest assault killed 54 folks.
October 2002 – Chechen rebels seize a theater in Moscow and maintain greater than 700 folks hostage. Russian forces use an unknown gasoline to subdue the militants. The 41 rebels and the 129 hostages died.
Might 2003 – Fifty-nine folks had been killed when two suicide bombers drove a truck filled with explosives right into a authorities complicated in northern Chechnya.
June 2003 – A suicide bombing kills 16 folks at a live performance in Moscow.
February 2004 – Forty lifeless and 100 injured when a suicide bomber detonates a bomb on a Moscow subway practice.
Might 2004 – Akhmad Kadyrov, the president of Chechnya, is assassinated. Kadyrov was elected Chechen president with the assist of Russia.
August 24, 2004 – Two Russian passenger planes are blown up nearly concurrently, killing 89.
August 31, 2004 – A suicide bomber kills 9 folks and herself, and injures 51 others, when she detonates a bomb outdoors a subway station in northeast Moscow.
September 1-5, 2004 – Gunmen storm a college in Beslan, southern Russia, and take not less than 1,200 folks, together with kids, hostage. The hijackers are demanding the discharge of greater than two dozen prisoners and that Russia withdraw all its forces from Chechnya. Among the hijackers are sporting explosive belts utilized in suicide assaults.
September 2, 2004 – Some hostages are launched.
September 3, 2004 – Russian troops put an finish to a standoff on the Beslan college the place Chechen rebels had taken a number of hundred college students, academics and oldsters hostage.
September 5, 2004 – The Russian authorities is holding a suspect because the demise toll rises to not less than 335 hostages, together with 156 kids, together with 26 hijackers and 10 Russian particular forces troopers.
September 17, 2004 – In an e mail message posted on the Chechen insurgent web site, Kavkazcenter.com, Chechen terrorist chief Shamil Basayev claimed accountability for a number of latest terrorist assaults in Russia, together with the Moscow subway bombing, the explosions aboard two passenger planes and the taking of hostages in a college in Russia. Beslan
July 2006 – Shamil Basayev was killed, however the actual particulars are nonetheless unclear.
November 2006 – Abu-Khavs, described because the commander of all overseas fighters within the North Caucasus, was killed by safety forces.
June 2008 – In response to UNICEF, since 1994, 700 folks have been killed by landmines left over from the Chechnya-Russia battle.
April 2009 – Russia declares an finish to its 10-year anti-terror operation in Chechnya with the insurgent motion largely quashed.
March 29, 2010 – Feminine suicide bombers detonate explosives in two Moscow metro stations in the course of the morning rush hour. Russian officers counsel Chechen separatists are responsible.
August 28, 2010 – Chechnya says 12 militants and two policemen have been killed in a shootout that noticed 30 militants assault the hometown of Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov.
October 19, 2010 – Three closely armed males attacked the parliament constructing in Grozny. Two policemen and a parliamentary aide had been killed and 17 folks had been injured within the assault.
February 7, 2011 – Chechen insurgent chief Doku Umarov claims accountability for the January 24, 2011 bombing of Moscow’s Domodedovo airport that killed 36 folks.
Might 26, 2011 – America has added the Caucasus Emirate, a Chechen group primarily based within the North Caucasus, to its listing of terrorist teams.
March 18, 2014 – In response to a Chechen jihadist web site, insurgent chief Doku Umarov has died.
December 4, 2014 – Gunmen described as Islamic militants attacked a constructing in Grozny, killing not less than 20 folks.
Might 2017 – Kadyrov tells the Interfax information company that gay folks don’t exist. He says “In Chechen society, there isn’t a such factor as a non-traditional orientation.”
January 14, 2019 – Russian LGBT Community releases assertion on “new wave of anti-LGBT persecution in Chechnya”. Round 40 individuals are thought to have been arrested and not less than two folks have died because of the torture.