Nepal Quick Information | CNN



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This is a take a look at Nepal, a mountainous nation on the southern facet of the Himalayas in South Asia. Share the mountain. Everest, the best mountain on the planet, with China.

(from the CIA World Factbook)
Space: 147,181 sq. kilometers (barely bigger than New York State)

Inhabitants: 30,666,598 (est. 2022)

Common age: 25.3 years

Capital: Kathmandu

Ethnic teams: Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4 %, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai./8Dholii. %, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, different 19% (est. 2011)

Faith: Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, different 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)

Unemployment fee: 3% (est. 2017)

Nepal is among the least developed and poorest nations on the planet. A couple of quarter of its inhabitants lives beneath the poverty line.

Nepal is a former monarchy that’s now a federal democratic republic with a number of political events.

About three quarters of its land is mountainous.

Eight of the world’s 10 highest mountains are alongside the border with Nepal. Mt. The summit of Everest is 8,848 meters above sea degree, the best level on Earth. Kanchenjunga, which lies between Nepal and India, is the third highest mountain on the planet.

The flag of Nepal is the one one on the planet that’s neither sq. nor rectangular. The form consists of two linked pennants.

Siddhartha Gautama, also referred to as the Buddha, was born in Lumbini, now a part of Nepal, across the sixth century BC

Practically eight out of 10 women in a midwestern area of Nepal sleep in harmful out of doors “menstruation huts” throughout their durations, regardless of the follow being outlawed in 2018, a research has discovered. The unlawful customized, often known as “Chhaupadi”, stems from a centuries-old Hindu taboo that considers ladies and women impure throughout menstruation.

Pre-18th century – Nepal is split into small kingdoms.

1768 – Gorkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Shah turns into ruler of your complete valley, uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon. The king declared Kathmandu because the capital in 1769.

1814-1816 – Nepal and the British East India Firm conflict over the lands of the Terai, or the lowlands. Nepal indicators the Treaty of Sagauli in 1816, ceding a few third of its territory.

1846 – Jang Bahadur levels a coup d’état and turns into prime minister. Lastly he established a dictatorship turning the monarchy right into a determine of presidency, establishing the hereditary rule of his household. The household, which adopts the honorary title of Rana (monarch), governs for greater than 100 years (till 1951), inflicting the isolation and financial underdevelopment of the nation.

1857 – In India, the riot of the sepoys in opposition to the British begins. Bahadur leads 1000’s of troops to help the British, serving to to place down the revolt and sealing Britain’s help for his or her rule in Nepal and beginning a practice of Gurkhas serving within the British Military.

January 15, 1934 – An earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1 happens in Nepal-Bihar, India, killing 10,700 individuals.

1948 – After India gained independence from Britain in 1947, Nepal’s leaders misplaced essential help and have been pressured to introduce reforms. The prime minister broadcasts Nepal’s first structure, which requires a bicameral state legislature, an impartial excessive court docket and a major minister with government energy, assisted by a council of a minimum of 5 ministers, however the structure is quickly suspended amid opposition of the conservative Ranas.

November 1950 – The revolt begins in opposition to the Rana regime when the Liberation Military of the Nepali Congress Occasion recruits troopers within the Terai.

February 1951 – The period of Rana rule involves an finish when King Tribhuvan is restored to the throne after the final Rana oligarch, Mohan Shamsher, agrees to carry elections.

Could 29, 1953 Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay from Nepal are the primary to achieve the summit of Mt. Everest.

December 14, 1955 Nepal joins the United Nations.

February 18, 1959 The primary nationwide elections are held and the Nepali Congress Occasion wins. BP Koirala was later Prime Minister.

December 1960 – King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva seizes energy, suspends parliament and key elements of the structure.

January 1972 – King Mahendra dies and is succeeded by Birendra.

Could 1991 – GP Koirala, brother of Nepal’s first elected Prime Minister (in 1959) is appointed to guide the federal government after the Nepali Congress gained a majority (110 out of 205 seats) within the parliament within the normal election. The reasonable Communist Occasion of Nepal finishes sturdy because the opposition with 69 seats.

1994 – The Communist Occasion of Nepal (Maoist) is based and occasion chief Manmohan Adhikari is voted into energy after Prime Minister GP Koirala resigns and recommends new parliamentary elections to the king.

1995 – Prime Minister Manmohan Adhikari resigns after being accused of favoring members of his occasion. The communist authorities is dissolved by the Parliament.

1996 – A Maoist insurgency sparks a 10-year civil conflict, and by the yr 2000, nearly two-thirds of the nation is affected by combating.

June 1, 2001 – Crown Prince Dipendra experiences an alcohol and drug fueled taking pictures throughout a palace occasion, killing 9 individuals, together with his father and mom, the king and queen. Dipendra died three days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds.

2006 – Nepal authorities and Maoists signal UN-brokered peace deal. In line with the Worldwide Crimson Cross, about 15,000 individuals have been killed and 1,300 have been declared lacking as a result of 10-year civil conflict.

Could 2008 – The monarchy involves an finish when the brand new meeting votes to declare Nepal a democratic republic.

July 21, 2008 – The nation’s first president, Ram Baran Yadav, is elected.

August 2008 – Maoist chief Pushpa Kamal Dahal, generally often known as Prachanda, is elected prime minister and kinds a coalition authorities.

Could 2009 – Pushpa Kamal Dahal resigns after the President reverses his choice to fireplace a senior navy official. Communist chief Madhav Kumar Nepal is appointed as the brand new Prime Minister.

June 2010 – Madhav Kumar Nepal resigns as Prime Minister amid political strain. He agrees to behave as interlocutor till a brand new prime minister is elected.

February 2011 – Parliament elects Communist Occasion chief Jhalanath Khanal as the brand new Prime Minister.

August 2011 – Khanal resigns as prime minister, acknowledging that he was unable to kind a authorities of nationwide consensus and combine the previous Maoist rebels. Baburam Bhattarai, 57, vice-chairman of the United Communist Occasion of Nepal (Maoist) turns into the fourth prime minister since Nepal grew to become a republic in 2008.

Could 2012 – Baburam Bhattarai resigns as prime minister however stays caretaker.

March 2013 – Chief Justice Khilraj Regmi is appointed Prime Minister till a brand new Constituent Meeting is elected.

November 2013 – Constituent Meeting elections are held resulting in Sushil Koirala, a cousin of BP Koirala of the Nepali Congress occasion, changing into Prime Minister in February 2014.

October 2014 – At the least 39 individuals from around the globe have died after exceptionally heavy snowfall within the mountains, one of many deadliest tragedies in Nepal’s historical past.

April 25, 2015 – A magnitude 7.8 earthquake happens lower than 50 miles from Kathmandu. A magnitude 6.7 aftershock on April 26 added to the injury. The variety of useless exceeds 8,000 and the variety of injured exceeds 17,000, in accordance with the Nationwide Heart for Emergency Operations.

October 28, 2015 – Nepal’s parliament elects Bidhya Devi Bhandari, the nation’s first feminine president.

August 2017 – Sixty-five thousand properties are destroyed and a minimum of 143 individuals have died in Nepal resulting from huge floods and landslides.

Could 21, 2019 – A Sherpa breaks his personal document by climbing Mount Everest an unprecedented 24 instances, reaching the summit at 6:38 a.m., lower than every week after scaling the world’s highest mountain for the twenty third time on Could 15.

August 2, 2019 – After torrential monsoon rains induced floods and landslides in Nepal and elements of South Asia final month, the UN launched a scenario report saying greater than 100 individuals have been killed, dozens extra are lacking or injured and a minimum of 410,000 individuals have been affected.

December 20, 2020 – Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli dissolves parliament and calls early elections. Oli says his occasion’s inner disputes and lack of cooperation have paralyzed decision-making, forcing him to hunt a brand new in style mandate. In February 2021, the Supreme Court docket of Nepal guidelines that the parliament should be restored.

Could 10, 2021 – Oli is pressured to resign after dropping a vote of confidence. On Could 22, President Bhandari dissolves parliament. In July, Nepal’s Supreme Court docket orders that Sher Bahadur Deuba be appointed prime minister and parliament be restored.

October 2021 – At the least 104 individuals have died in Nepal resulting from floods and landslides brought on by heavy rains.

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