About half of South Africa’s public infrastructure has collapsed or is close to collapse and needs to be addressed as soon as possible.
This is a warning from the South African School of Civil Engineering (Saice).
Saice chair Professor Marianne Vanderschuren said at the launch of her 2022 Infrastructure Report Card (IRC) on Friday that something had to be done or South Africa risked becoming a failed state.
“Our economy and society cannot function without infrastructure.”
Vanderschuren said the overall IRC rating was a “D” compared to a “D+” in 2006, the lowest rating since the IRC was first published in 2006.
South Africa’s infrastructure improved to a “C-” following investment for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, “but the trend has been declining since then,” she said.
The IRC Scorecard is based on a five-point scale, where:
- ‘A’ is world class
- “B” for the future
- “C” is currently satisfactory
- “D” is at risk of failure, and
- ‘E’ is not fit for purpose.
The report covers 14 industries and provides a brief overview of the status and performance of 32 infrastructure sub-sectors.
Saice 2023 president-elect Steven Kaplan said the overall goal of the IRC is to increase awareness and influence change for the better.
“We also aim to stimulate debate on the state of South Africa’s infrastructure and its impact on quality of life and the economy,” he said.
SA gets an A…and too many not-for-purpose ratings
Gautrain is the only infrastructure sub-sector to receive an “A” rating, with eight sub-sectors receiving a “B” rating, six “C” ratings, 13 “D” ratings, and four “E” ratings.
The report said the Gautrain was considered “world class” because its infrastructure was in good condition and maintenance measures were in place, although the track geometry had deteriorated since the line was built.
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The four sub-sectors that received an “unfit for purpose” rating were rail feeder lines, passenger railway authority South Africa (Prsa) feeder lines, sanitation and wastewater treatment in all areas except urban areas, and provincial and municipal unpaved roads.
Vanderschuren said it was “heartbreaking” that the country currently does not have any passenger railways.
“We used to have 100 overloaded minibus taxis on the road for every Prasa train that wasn’t running. Cape Town’s midline has completely collapsed. Eight trains in the past hour…even if the minibus taxi industry wants to To work, our roads can’t handle so many minibus taxis either.
“We cannot continue our current train tracks.”
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Vanderschuren said the country also has centres of excellence such as Airports Corporation of South Africa (Acsa), Gautrain, Sanral, Eskom transmission network, ICT, oil and gas pipelines and fishing ports.
Insufficient investment in infrastructure
IRC team convener Sam Amod, former president of Saice, stressed that infrastructure is at the center of everything people do in their social and economic lives, yet South Africa has underinvested in infrastructure since 1994.
“According to [National] Treasury itself, we need to invest 30% of GDP in infrastructure. In 2020, it’s 13.7 percent, which is less than half what we should be doing,” Ahmed said.
“The Treasury has set a target of 30% of GDP by 2030. Double your spending in the remaining years is a tall order,” he warned.
The distinction between social and economic infrastructure is important, Amod said.
“If you don’t invest enough in social infrastructure, but keep the economic infrastructure working well, the rich get richer and inequality increases…Unless we invest in social infrastructure appropriately, We can’t get people to find job mobility, you can’t keep them healthy, you can’t educate them to get them a job.”
Amod added that South Africa does not care about its infrastructure other than not investing enough in it.
Most infrastructure maintenance, he said, was reactive, requiring regular maintenance to prevent problems, followed by predictive maintenance, which would allow the country to use real-time data to indicate where resources should be allocated.
Civic disrespect is the second part of South Africans not caring about their infrastructure, Amod said.
“The municipality owes Eskom and the water authority around R90 billion. But the municipality’s own customers owe them R255 billion.”
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“We have a culture of non-payment. In 2019, the General Household Survey showed that even as we continued to provide more water connections to homes, people were refusing to pay faster than we could provide new connections,” said Amod.
“It’s an unsustainable culture,” he added.
Other examples of South Africa not caring about its infrastructure cited by Amod include:
- A significant portion of state-owned enterprise budgets are devoted to theft and vandalism;
- Eskom’s electricity generation availability fell from 87% to below 65%, a large part of which was due to lack of maintenance; and
- Security incidents on railway lines have increased four to fivefold, including cable theft.
Maintenance of the infrastructure is cost-effective, Amod said, because it reduces the amount paid for the infrastructure over time.
He warned that maintenance costs for a one-year delay could be three to six times higher.
Goolam Ballim, chief economist and head of research at Standard Bank, said the IRC report provided an important indication of the state of the country’s infrastructure.
Ballim said dialogue between government and social institutions, with a shared interest in the outcome, must respect each other’s separate but complementary functions and then try to find common solutions.
Listen to the Fix SA podcast where Jeremy Maggs talks to Standard Bank CEO Sim Tshabalala (or read the transcript):
This article originally appeared on Moneyweb and is republished with permission.
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